Continental fish farming in Bagata territory in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Socio-economic characterization and technical aspects
This study presents the state of the art of continental fish farming in Bagata territory in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It was conducted between December 2017 and June 2018 using a questionnaire and interviews with fish farmers. The results obtained show that this activity is mainly held by farmers aged 26 to over 55 years. They generally have a secondary level of education and practice fish farming following an extensive system without fertilizers or supplementary feeding. 97.2% of fish farmers show a total lack of technical knowledge in the conduct of this activity. It is adopted mainly for food reasons. The number of ponds held by each operator varies from 1 to 10. Their technical characteristics are less satisfactory. Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus and the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus are the main species raised in ponds often in bypass. The financing of the activities is assured commonly on own funds. The acquisition price of a pond of 5 acres is estimated at 182,000 FC (113.75 USD), while the profitability is equivalent to 8.76%. Because of low yields (0.5t / ha / year), fish farming is ranked in the second or third activity in households.
Keywords: Extensive fish farming, Unsatisfactory characteristics, Low productivity, Bagata, DR Congo.