The production of haploids and double haploids, are widely used techniques in advanced breeding programs to speed-up the production of homozygote lines. Anther culture is one of the processes of induction and regeneration of haploids and double haploids from male gametic cells. Due to its high effectiveness and applicability in numerous plant species, it has outstanding potential for plant breeding and commercial exploitation of double haploids. Therefore, the objective of this revue is to discuss recent publications on improvement of wheat anther culture and compare it with older literature. Those publications will be of great utility in yield improvement of haploid and double haploid plants and will contribute for future research on anthers culture.

Keywords: Wheat, anther culture, haploids, doubled haploids, genetic improvement.